Isaac Grünewald dance
The Apache dance
The Apache dance is a very dramatic dance, normally associated with Parisian street culture of the early 20th century.The dance is very brutal towards the woman, as the picture clearly shows. It is said to depict a “discussion” between a pimp and a prostitute.The Apache dance was performed at a demonstration at the Moulin Rouge in Paris in 1908.
This expressive watercolour of “Apachedansen” from 1918 is signed by Grünewald, and has been privately owned in Denmark up until now. The present owner’s grandfather was born in Sweden, but later moved to Denmark.During the Second World War, he helped a Jewish family with food and shelter, etc., and was given the painting as a thank-you.
The final work was displayed at exhibitions including "Expressionist-udställningen” [the expressionists exhibition] in 1918 at Liljevalchs Konsthal, Stockholm, Sweden, as well as at the artist’s first solo exhibition at Galerie Licorne, Paris, in 1921. In 2001, the work was sold at auction in Sweden for SEK 4.5 million.
Grünewald chez Matisse in Paris
Isaac Grünewald (1889–1946) was one of the most prominent figures in the Swedish art world from 1910 until his death in 1946. He travelled to Paris with his wife, the artist Sigrid Hjertén (1885–1948), to study expressionism with Henri Matisse.After their stay in Paris, Grünewald and Hjertén lived in Stockholm in the 1910s.They were active on the contemporary art scene and worked together as a couple throughout their careers.
Statement about the work by the Swedish art historian Katarina Borgh Bertorp: "This watercolour is believed to be the work of Isaac Grünewald and is one of the sketches for Apachedans [‘the Apache dance’], a key work depicting the type of dance that Sigrid Hjertén and Isaac Grünewald came across in their avant-garde circles in Paris in the early 1910s. The sketch is thought to have been created in 1918, just like the main work. The Hjertén-Grünewalds spent the summer of 1918 on Fanø, Denmark. This is not necessarily why the sketch has now turned up again in Denmark. As early as 1916, Isaac Grünewald and other Swedes put on an exhibition at Den Frie Centre of Contemporary Art in Copenhagen, and collector Christian Tetzen-Lund paid the costs of this exhibition. The work is typical of what Isaac Grünewald learnt from Matisse – how to contrast warm and cold colours. Here, Grünewald has done exactly the same as in some other paintings: he allows the floodlight lamp to determine the boundary between cold and warm colours. Although only a sketch, this work is properly representative of Isaac Grünewald and of his most exciting periods as an artist."
Preview and auction
Preview: from Wednesday 24 November to Sunday 28 November 2010
Auction: from Monday 29 November to Wednesday 8 December 2010