Part of the Temple of Poseidon with a view towards the Basilica in Paestum. Signed with monogram and dated 1850. Oil on canvas. 56×64 cm.
From April to September 1838, Jørgen Roed was on a trip to Naples and its surrounding areas with his painter colleague, Constantin Hansen. The magnificent ruins of the old Greek colony of Poseidonia (Paestum) with the famous Greek temples left a great impression on them, and they both created many studies from the area, which they continued to work on after they had returned home. Both painters’ artwork from this trip belong among the highlights of their stay in Italy.
Literature: “Kunst i Privateje”, 1944, vol. I, mentioned and reproduced p. 367. Here Herman Madsen writes the following about the painting: "There are several works by Jørgen Roed in Consul Hansen's wife's collection. The most significant of these is the beautiful view through the Neptune Temple's fluted columns towards the basilica in Paestum. Roed was an incomparable architectural painter, and he has made studies of the classical architecture of Italy in which these buildings are depicted in a highly admirable way. In their own right, these temples belong among the great works of Greek architecture, and Roed has understood their line art down to the smallest details. In addition, they also shine with the clear air of Italy and the golden dazzling sun. In Hirschsprung's collection, there is a small studio with the same view, but the work reproduced here is of just as fine quality. In the smaller work, the background consists of a pair of shepherds, in the large work a curious goat peeks out between the mighty pillars.”
Jens Peter Munk, “Landskabet og arkitekturen”, in “På sporet af Jørgen Roed. Italien 1837–1841”, exhibition catalogue Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, 1991, mentioned. 31, reproduced p. 29.
Jens Peter Munk, “Jørgen Roed. Ungdomsarbejder”, Odense 2013, mentioned pp. 253–254, reproduced p. 253. Munk writes among other things that the painting was probably a commissioned work by broker Andreas Simmelhag (p. 254).
Provenance: Broker Andreas Simmelhag (1800–1860). The collection of Consul's wife mrs Chr. Hansen (1944). Bruun Rasmussen auction 242, 1969 no. 180, reproduced p. 29.
The motif is known from a drawing by Roed made on location on 30 May 1838 – the day after he and Constantin Hansen had arrived in Paestum – as well as from an oil study painted on paper also done on location. The drawing is at the National Gallery of Denmark (Inv. no. KKS347), the oil study at Sorø Art Museum (Inv. No. 19080). Three later detailed works are known to be based on this study, of which the present painting from 1850 is the first. The Hirschsprung Collection has another painting dated 1855 (Inv. No. 499). The latter was sold at Bruun Rasmussen auction 576, 1992 as lot number 356 and is as far as is known still in private ownership. The three paintings vary slightly in size and background figures.