Gustav Wilhelm Palm
(b. Härlöv 1810, d. Stockholm 1890)
The Ruins of the Royal Palace in Croatia. Signed and dated ”G.W. [a palmtree] 1840” and by the artist inscribed ”Daßs Keysers Schloss i Croatien n. d. n. Gez.[eichnet] de 21 October 840 in gesellschaft mitt Sne Excelens Baron v Ottenfels inkognito”. (The Royal Castle of Croatia drawn from nature 21. of October 840 in the company of His Excellency Baron v Ottenfels inkognito.) Pencil and watercolour on paper. Sheet size
23.6×29.2 cm. Unframed.
Baron Moritz Franz von Ottenfels (1820–1907), the son of the Austrian-Hungarian minister Baron Franz Xaver von Ottenfels (1778–1851), was one of Palm’s closest friends during his two year long stay in Vienna between 1838–40. In September 1840 the Ottenfels’s invited Palm to visit there chateau, Horwatzska, in Hungary, on which occassion they made an excursion to Croatia, where they owned yet another castle. The ruin depicted is probably the ruins of the medieval fortress, Klis, situated in the mountains outside Split. At one point it was expanded and served as the seat of many Croatien kings, until it was turned into a fortress during the Ottoman period. Franz Xaver von Ottenfels usually travelled under the name Henry Werner, thus Palm’s inskription ”inkognito”.