899/​41

Vilhelm Hammershøi (b. Copenhagen 1864, d. s.p. 1916)

“Landskab. Sommer. Fra Lyngby sø. Mellem den høje, dybt blå himmel med enkelt stor, hvis klodesky, og forgrundens lyseblå vand, hvori skyen spejler sig, strækker den kraftigt mørkegrønne længst til højre gullige, stribe land sig. Langs søens bred fortoner små og større næsten kugleformige trækroner sig mørkt op imod den græsklædte skråning”. Landscape. Summer. From Lyngby lake. Between the tall, deep blue sky with a single large cumulus cloud and the light blue water of the foreground, in which the cloud is reflected, a strip of land stretches heavy, dark green and yellowish furthest to the right. Along the shore of the lake, small and larger almost spherical treetops fade darkly up against the grassy slope. Unsigned. Oil on canvas. 35×37 cm.

Sophus Michaëlis and Alfred Bramsen, A Catalogue Raisonné of the Works of Vilhelm Hammershøi no. 65.

Susanne Meyer-Abich, A Catalogue Raisonnè of the Works of Vilhelm Hammershøi in “Vilhelm Hammershøi: Das Malerische Werk", 1995, no. 61.

Exhibited: Kunstforeningen “En samling af moderne dansk kunst”, 1890 no. 48. Den Frie Udstilling 1891 no. 15. Charlottenborg, “Fortegnelse over den af Kunstnernes Studieskole foranstaltede udstilling”, 1896 no. 103. Kunstforeningen, “Vilhelm Hammershøis Arbejder, Fortegnelse” (the collection Alfred Bramsen), 1900 no. 22. Galerie Eduard Schulte, Berlin, 1905 no. 2. Kunstforeningen, “Fortegnelse over arbejder af Vilhelm Hammershøi”, 1916 (I) no. 56. Musée du Jeu de Paume, “L'Art Danois, depuis fin XVIIIe siècle jusqu'a 1900”, Paris, 1928 no. 59.

Literature: Alfred Bramsen, “Liv og Livsvilkår” in “Vilhelm Hammershøi. Kunstneren og hans værk”, 1918, mentioned p. 44.

Bramsen writes the following about the painting and at the same time provides a description of Hammershøi's original perception of the landscape: “His first characteristic, small exhibition landscape (no. 65) was created during a summer stay in Lyngby in 1888. This painting, which was exhibited at the first Free Exhibition in 1891 in the art dealer Kleis's halls on Vesterbro, also did not attract the attention it deserved, with its new and completely unique view of Danish nature – a perception that comes up again and again in his later landscape paintings: the low horizon under a very tall, cloudy sky, which takes up most of the surface of the canvas. Between the mighty sky and the foreground [...] – there is a narrow strip of land. This strip is the 'Landscape' in a conventional sense, which with Hammershøi consists of a road with rows of trees stretching across the canvas, or a shrub-covered slope leading down to a lake, or groups of trees atop a hill in an undulating terrain.” (p. 44).

Poul Vad, “Hammershøi. Værk og liv”, 1988, mentioned p. 56, 62 and 259, reproduced p. 67.

Poul Vad writes about the painting: “ Hammershøi's earliest landscapes already carried the seed of his distinctive landscape art, whose fundamental motif now (i.e. in 1888) became crystallized in a painting with the landscape as a transverse strip running along the middle ground under a tall sky.” (p. 56).

Provenance: Alfred Bramsen, his daughter the violinist Karen Bramsen and her husband museum director Gustav Falck, thence by descent.

Alfred Bramsen (1857–1932) was actually a dentist, but he is today mainly known as an art collector and more specifically as the patron for and collector of works by Vilhelm Hammershøi. In 1918, he published, together with Sophus Michaëlis, the work “Vilhelm Hammershøi, Kunstneren og hans Værk” (Vilhelm Hammershøi, the Artist and His Work).

Bramsen's works by Hammershøi were inherited by his daughter Karen Bramsen (1877–1970), and she married Gustav Falck (1874–1955). Gustav Falck was an art historian, and in 1925 he became Karl Madsen's successor as director of the National Gallery of Denmark. The museum can thank him for the purchasing of portraits of Tizian and Frans Hals. Falck had a large private collection of an exquisite quality, which in addition to many works by Vilhelm Hammershøi included works by many other artists.

Condition

Condition report on request. Please contact: fine-art@bruun-rasmussen.dk

Auction

Paintings & drawings, 1 December 2020

Category
Estimate

1,500,000–2,500,000 kr.

Price realised

Not sold